Rectal cancer is cancer that develops in the rectum. Changes or mutations in the DNA of healthy rectal lining cells leads to polyp formation and eventual transformation to rectal cancer.
Endoscopic exams & interventions
EUS-guided celiac plexus neurolysis is a procedure in which an endoscope with a special ultrasound probe is used to inject medication into the celiac plexus, a network of nerves in the abdomen that helps control digestion and blood flow to the intestines.
A pancreas fluid collection is a build-up of fluid in or around the pancreas, a gland located behind the stomach that produces hormones and enzymes that help with digestion.
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a medical procedure that combines the use of an endoscope and ultrasound technology to produce detailed images of the digestive tract and the surrounding tissue and organs.
A pouchoscopy is an endoscopic procedure in which a doctor examines the inside of a J-pouch that has been created to replace the colon and rectum after a patient has had surgery, often for ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s.
Sigmoidoscopy is a procedure in which a flexible tube with a camera on the end, called a sigmoidoscope, is inserted into the rectum and sigmoid colon to examine the inside of the lower digestive tract.
Barrett’s esophagus is a term that refers to replacement of normal lining tissue in the esophagus by tissue similar to small intestinal lining, a process also called intestinal metaplasia.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
There are many areas IBD can impact throughout the body. This section outlines those areas which include:
- Skin Disease
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a genetic disorder that can affect the liver and lungs. It is caused by a deficiency of the alpha-1 antitrypsin protein, which is produced by the liver.
Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder that causes the body to absorb and store too much iron, leading to a buildup of iron in the body’s tissues and organs, particularly in the liver, heart, and pancreas.
Hepatitis A is a viral infection that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV) and is typically spread through contaminated food or water, or through close contact with an infected person.
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The infection can range from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe, lifelong illness.
Hepatitis C is a viral infection that affects the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The infection can range from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe, lifelong illness. In some cases, it can lead to liver damage, liver failure, and even death.
Liver biopsy is a diagnostic procedure used to obtain a sample of liver tissue for analysis. A small piece of liver tissue is removed and examined under a microscope to diagnose liver disease.
Liver transplantation is a surgical procedure in which a healthy liver from a deceased or living donor is transplanted into a person whose liver is no longer functioning properly.
Pancreas gland produces digestive juices, which it delivers to the small intestine via a hollow branching tube called the pancreas duct. The duct system consists of the main pancreas duct and branch ducts. Occasionally, a part of the pancreas lining duct becomes abnormal, grows finger-like projections and secretes mucus.
Pancreas cysts are fluid filled sacs arising within or from the pancreas. MCN’s are benign but precancerous tumor cysts most commonly arise in the body and tail region of the pancreas.
The cells that manufacture and release the hormones are called islet cells. These islet cells are a rare cause of pancreas tumors (islet cell tumors). Because these cells resemble nerve cells and hormone cells, the tumors are also called neuroendocrine tumors (pancreatic NETs).